The Anthropology Portal
Anthropology is the study of the physical, social and cultural characteristics of humanity. Anthropology has origins in the natural sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences. Ethnography is one of its primary methods as well as the text that is generated from anthropological fieldwork.
Since the work of Franz Boas and Bronisław Malinowski in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, anthropology has been distinguished from other social sciences by its emphasis on in-depth examination of context, cross-cultural comparisons, and the importance it places on participant-observation, or long-term, experiential immersion in the area of research. Cultural anthropology in particular has emphasized cultural relativity and the use of findings to frame cultural critiques. This has been particularly prominent in the United States, from Boas's arguments against 19th-century racial ideology, through Margaret Mead's advocacy for gender equality and sexual liberation, to current criticisms of post-colonial oppression and promotion of multiculturalism.
Transhumanism (sometimes symbolized by >H or H+), a term often used as a synonym for "human enhancement", is an international intellectual and cultural movement supporting the use of new sciences and technologies to enhance human mental and physical abilities and aptitudes, and ameliorate what it regards as undesirable and unnecessary aspects of the human condition, such as stupidity, suffering, disease, aging and involuntary death. Transhumanist thinkers study the possibilities and consequences of developing and using human enhancement techniques and other emerging technologies for these purposes. Possible dangers, as well as benefits, of powerful new technologies that might radically change the conditions of human life are also of concern to the transhumanist movement.
Although the first known use of the term "transhumanism" dates from 1957, the contemporary meaning is a product of the 1980s, when a group of scientists, artists, and futurists based in the United States began to organize what has since grown into the transhumanist movement. Transhumanist thinkers predict that human beings will eventually be transformed into beings with such greatly expanded abilities as to merit the label "posthuman". Transhumanism is therefore sometimes referred to as "posthumanism" or a form of transformational activism influenced by posthumanist ideals.
(July 9, 1858 – December 21, 1942) was a German-American anthropologist and a pioneer of modern anthropology who has been called the "Father of American Anthropology". Like many such pioneers, he trained in other disciplines; he received his doctorate
, and did post-doctoral work in geography
. He is famed for applying the scientific method
to the study of human cultures
, a field which was previously based on the formulation of grand theories around anecdotal knowledge.
Boas's work in physical anthropology brought together his interest in Darwinian evolution with his interest in migration as a cause of change. His most important research in this field was his study of changes in body form among children of immigrants in New York. Boas's primary interest — in symbolic and material culture and in language — was the study of processes of change; he therefore set out to determine whether bodily forms are also subject to processes of change.
Boas has had an enduring influence on anthropology. Virtually all anthropologists today accept Boas's commitment to empiricism and his methodological cultural relativism. Moreover, virtually all cultural anthropologists today share Boas's commitment to field research involving extended residence, learning the local language, and developing social relationships with informants. In his 1963 book, Race: The History of an Idea in America, Thomas Gossett wrote that "It is possible that Boas did more to combat race prejudice than any other person in history."
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Tue, 18 Jun 2013 21:36:32 -0700
... Literally Psyched, MIND Guest Blog, The Moral Universe, Not bad science, PsySociety, The Scicurious Brain, Science with Moxie, The Thoughtful Animal, The White Noise, Anthropology in Practice, The Artful Amoeba, Assignment: Impossible, Basic Space ...
Wed, 05 Jun 2013 04:40:27 -0700
Fri, 07 Jun 2013 04:19:59 -0700
Deana Weibel is chair of Grand Valley State University's Anthropology Department. She is responding to Ken Braun's June 5 column. By Deana Weibel. GRAND RAPIDS, MI -- In answer to Mr. Braun's concerns, including the placement of anthropology and ...
Wed, 12 Jun 2013 08:27:55 -0700
Anthropology · Aviation · Biochemistry · Biogeography · Chemistry · Communication Sciences · Ethics · Geography · Geophysics · Linguistics · Mathematics · Nanotechnologies · Paleoclimatology · Physiology · Psychology · Sociology · Technologies ...
Thu, 13 Jun 2013 15:23:24 -0700
Based on Biblical scripture, theology (what we think about God) and anthropology (what we think about humanity) can be thought of as two sides of the same coin. They are intimately related, but how? I've thought about this off and on since I was ...
Wed, 12 Jun 2013 08:53:36 -0700
Malibu native Jacob Daniel Vandor graduated from the University of Hawaii at Manoa with Phi Beta Kappa and Magna Cum Laude honors, with an anthropology degree, specializing in underwater archaeology and classics studies. During his time at the ...
Wake Forest University News Center
Mon, 03 Jun 2013 13:53:58 -0700
The Wake Forest Museum of Anthropology's new featured exhibit, “Descendants of the Maya: Photography by Dr. Morton W. Huber,” will open on Tuesday, June 4 and remain on display through August 30, 2013. The exhibit focuses on 27 black-and-white ...
The Express Times - LehighValleyLive.com
Tue, 21 May 2013 07:12:40 -0700
Lafayette College received approval Monday to build a three-story building on its Easton campus to house its anthropology and sociology departments. Construction on the 19,600-square-foot Oechsle Center for Global Education will likely begin this ...
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