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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] As it is surrounded by flat land, Tobelo has the potential for expansion.[citation needed] Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in forty-five minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

The volcanic island lies on an island arc that includes the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate. Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano on the island's northwest coast.

Natural history[edit]

The flightless invisible rail is endemic to the island.[3]

The naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace visited Halmahera, as described in his 1869 book The Malay Archipelago. He considered the standardwing bird of paradise, Semioptera wallacei, to be his greatest prize.[4]

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a nickel and cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[5]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

11949 news items

 
Republika Online
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 01:26:15 -0700

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, TERNATE -- Warga enam desa di perbatasan Kabupaten Halmahera Barat dan Halmahera Utara, Maluku Utara, yang selama ini disengketakan pemerintah kabupaten kedua daerah itu mengancam tidak akan menggunakan hak pilih ...

Tempo.co

Tempo.co
Mon, 20 Jul 2015 00:41:15 -0700

Bupati Halmahera Timur Rudi Erawan di Maba, Senin mengatakan, Pemkab Halmahera Timur memprioritaskan tanaman pangan karena daerah ini memiliki potensi besar di bidang pengembangan tanaman pangan, namun belum digarap secara maksimal.

Bintang.com

Bintang.com
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 01:37:30 -0700

Berburu Laor, Pengalaman Tak Terlupakan di Halmahera Utara. | via: flickr.com. Mulai dari anak kecil, ibu-ibu, hingga para nelayan, ramai berbondong-bondong menggunakan katinting (perahu kecil untuk melaut) menuju pantai yang dikenal sebagai sarang ...

Tempo.co

Tempo.co
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 03:07:30 -0700

TEMPO.CO, Ternate - Gunung Dokuno di Halmahera Utara, Maluku Utara, terekam mengeluarkan asap tebal setinggi 700 meter, Selasa, 7 Juli 2015. Dua kecamatan, yakni Tobelo dan Tobelo Timur, terkena dampak abu vulkanik dengan skala tipis.

Panditfootball Indonesia

Panditfootball Indonesia
Sun, 19 Jul 2015 23:56:00 -0700

Halmahera Selatan, di Maluku Utara, yakni Desa Fluk dan Desa Bobo. Anda mungkin harus membuka peta untuk mengetahui letak kedua desa bertetangga ini. Jalan penghubung antar desa yang jaraknya 10 km lebarnya hanya muat untuk ukuran satu ...
 
Bloomberg
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 00:27:00 -0700

Projects included a $327 million smelter investment that started on Halmahera island, said Azhar Lubis, a deputy chairman at the board. Malaysia led foreign investment, followed by Singapore and Japan, with transportation, storage and ...

http://beritadaerah.co.id (Siaran Pers) (Berlangganan)

http://beritadaerah.co.id (Siaran Pers) (Berlangganan)
Wed, 22 Jul 2015 07:03:45 -0700

(Berita Daerah – Maluku) Kabupaten Halmahera Timur, Maluku Utara, merupakan wilayah yang memiliki potensi besar dalam pengembangan akan tanaman pangan untuk dapat membawa berswasembada pangan yang tentunya juga akan berdampak ...
 
Jakarta Post
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 01:37:30 -0700

Before the late addition of the Jorong Industrial Estate in South Kalimantan, the government aimed to finish 13 industrial estate projects, including ones in Teluk Bintuni (West Papua), in Buli in East Halmahera (North Maluku) and in Bitung (North ...
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