digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island; although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] Tobelo has the advantage of expansion potential, being surrounded by flat land. Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in 45 minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano at the northwest coast of the island. The islands are the northwestern limit of the Australian continent.

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a Nickel and Cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[3]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

427 news items

 
Jakarta Globe
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 00:33:50 -0700

Jakarta. State mining company Aneka Tambang, or Antam, and Australian miner Direct Nickel seek financing for a project worth as much as $1 billion for mining nickel laterite deposits and setting up processing plants in Halmahera, North Maluku.
 
Earthquake Report
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 13:21:16 -0700

Moderate earthquake – Halmahera, Indonesia on July 13, 2014. Last update: July 13, 2014 at 8:25 pm by By Armand Vervaeck. Earthquake-report.com only survives with (mostly small) PRIVATE DONATIONS. Your gift will be highly appreciated. This page will ...

deliknews

Tempo.co
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 00:26:07 -0700

Kapal cepat Guntur melaju dari Sofifi menuju Ternate, sebaliknya kapal cepat Kusu Bulan berangkat dari Ternate menuju Sofifi. Kedua kapal bertabrakan pada pagi hari sekitar pukul 05.30 WIT di perairan Halmahera, sekitar 500 meter dari pelabuhan Sofifi.
 
Mining Technology
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 06:07:30 -0700

Australian mining company Direct Nickel and Indonesia's state-owned Aneka Tambang (Antam) are planning to raise finances for their $1bn nickel laterite deposits processing plant in Halmahera. The DNi processing plant to be located at Antam's Buli ...

Liputan6.com

Liputan6.com
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 19:48:45 -0700

Citizen6, Bandung RZ (Rumah Zakat) menyalurkan 178 paket Ramadhan di Togolioa, Halmahera Utara. Paket Ramadhan tersebut terdiri dari Bingkisan Lebaran Keluarga, Berbagi Buka Puasa, Kado Lebaran Yatim, dan Syiar Qur'an. Penyaluran ini ...

Tempo.co

Tempo.co
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 18:47:18 -0700

CO, Ternate - Komisi Pemilihan Umum Maluku Utara terpaksa tidak bisa melakukan perhitungan ulang perolehan suara DPR untuk 18 kecamatan di Halmahera Selatan sesuai perintah Mahkamah Konstitusi. Penyebabnya adalah ratusan formulir C1 dan D1 ...
 
skalanews
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 20:22:30 -0700

Ketua KPU Malut Syahrani Somadayo mengatakan di Ternate, Jumat, ketujuh kabupaten/kota yang telah menyelesaikan pleno rekapitulasinya tersebut adalah Kota Ternate, Kota Tidore Kepulauan, Kabupaten Pulau Morotai, Halmahera Selatan, Halmahera ...

Tempo.co

Tempo.co
Sat, 12 Jul 2014 17:07:34 -0700

Menurut Julfi Jamil, Ketua Pengawas Pemilu Kabupaten Halmahera Tengah, penurunan pastisipasi pemilih pada pemungutan suara ulang umumnya disebabkan karena aktivitas masyarakat di Desa Kobe Kulo. Meski demikian, secara umum pelaksanaanya ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Halmahera

You can talk about Halmahera with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!