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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] As it is surrounded by flat land, Tobelo has the potential for expansion.[citation needed] Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in forty-five minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

The volcanic island lies on an island arc that includes the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate. Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano on the island's northwest coast.

Natural history[edit]

The flightless invisible rail is endemic to the island.[3]

The naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace visited Halmahera, as described in his 1869 book The Malay Archipelago. He considered the standardwing bird of paradise, Semioptera wallacei, to be his greatest prize.[4]

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a nickel and cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[5]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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10420 news items

VolcanoDiscovery

VolcanoDiscovery
Sun, 05 Apr 2015 04:30:39 -0700

Dawn approaching - view towards the southeast over older volcanic cones and the shore of Halmahera. ... (27 Hits). Setting moon and the morning blue hour at the crater rim. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) (23 Hits). View towards the mountain ranges to the southwest.

VolcanoDiscovery

VolcanoDiscovery
Tue, 07 Apr 2015 02:47:36 -0700

View from Ibu's crater rim to the west coast of Halmahera Island. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) (31 Hits). ibu_j08548.jpg (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) (27 Hits). Walking along the densely vegetated crater rim. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) (30 Hits). View down into the ...

Tribun Medan

Tribun Medan
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 19:37:30 -0700

Menteri Pertanian, Amran Sulaiman, dijadwalkan mengunjungi tiga kabupaten di provinsi tersebut, yaitu Ternate, Halmahera Timur dan Halmahera Selatan. Rencananya, Amran Sulaiman akan menghadiri acara panen dan taman padi serta meninjau tempat ...

merdeka.com

merdeka.com
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 01:42:56 -0700

Untuk mengukuhkannya, Pemerintah Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan akan menjadikan batu bacan satu ton sebagai tugu di pusat kota. "Batu bacan Palamea itu sementara ini ditempatkan di depan halaman Keraton Kesultanan Bacan. Karena ukurannya ...
 
JPNN.com
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 10:26:15 -0700

JAKARTA – Ketua Komisi Pemilihan Umum Daerah (KPUD) Halmahera Barat, Abjan Radja mengungkapkan bahwa pihaknya kesulitan menyusun anggaran pemilihan kepala daerah (pilkada) 2015 secara lengkap karena belum terbitnya revisi atas ...
 
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Fri, 24 Apr 2015 23:11:15 -0700

One of his favorites, bacan, originates in the Halmahera Islands of North Maluku. Bacan gained popularity after it was presented as a souvenir to US President Barack Obama by former president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. The gemstone frenzy has caught ...

Bisnis.com

Bisnis.com
Fri, 17 Apr 2015 22:58:18 -0700

Bisnis.com, JAKARTA– Kepulauan Halmahera menjadi terkenal di kalangan pecinta batu alam karena hasil batu permatanya yang mendunia seperti batu bacan. Sayangnya di kawasan tersebut, justru tidak ada pusat showroom batu seperti di Pusat Batu ...

Taucher.Net

Taucher.Net
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 02:11:15 -0700

Süd Halmahera? Noch nie gehört? Das liegt daran, dass die Region tatsächlich noch praktisch unbetaucht ist! Allerdings ist die Lage der 399 Inseln alles andere als unbedeutend, denn sie bildet den Mittelpunkt des berühmten"Korallendreiecks"!
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