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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] As it is surrounded by flat land, Tobelo has the potential for expansion.[citation needed] Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in forty-five minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

The volcanic island lies on an island arc that includes the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate. Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano on the island's northwest coast.

Natural history[edit]

The flightless invisible rail is endemic to the island.[3]

The naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace visited Halmahera, as described in his 1869 book The Malay Archipelago. He considered the standardwing bird of paradise, Semioptera wallacei, to be his greatest prize.[4]

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a nickel and cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[5]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
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13393 news items

Jawa Pos

Jawa Pos
Wed, 27 May 2015 02:56:15 -0700

ANGKA kematian itu begitu mencengangkan. Sepanjang 2003 sebanyak 226 warga Halmahera Selatan meninggal lantaran kasus malaria. Memang daerah Halmahera Selatan merupakan wilayah endemik malaria. Tapi, kasus kematian sebanyak itu sangat ...

Jawa Pos

Jawa Pos
Mon, 25 May 2015 06:41:15 -0700

MENYEBUT Maluku Utara, bayangan orang pasti terlempar ke nama Ternate, Tidore, dan Pulau Halmahera. Ternate dan Tidore dikenal karena nama keduanya kerap diperdengarkan dalam pelajaran sekolah sebagai bagian dari kerajaan muslim besar.

Okezone

Okezone
Wed, 20 May 2015 11:00:00 -0700

Gempa tersebut juga tidak berpotensi akan timbulnya tsunami. Titik gempa tersebut berada di 136 km Barat Laut Halmahera Barat Maluku Utara. Diharapkan masayarakat terus waspada akan gempa tersebut, lantaran ditakutkan akan terjadi lagi gempa ...

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Mon, 11 May 2015 15:30:00 -0700

Pusat lokasi gempat berada di 1.52 Lintang Utara - 127.22 BT, atau berpusat di 40 Km Barat Laut Halmahera Barat. BMKG mengonfrimasikan gempa ini tidak berpotensi tsunami. Namun, masyarakat tetap diminta waspada. Hingga berita diturunkan, belum ...

Tempo.co

Tempo.co
Sat, 09 May 2015 20:22:30 -0700

Bupati Halmahera Tengah Al Yasin Ali mengatakan pihaknya akan membuka pintu investasi seluas-luasnya, khususnya di bidang pertambangan. Menurutnya, Halmahera Tengah yang kaya dengan sumber daya mineral berupa nikel bisa dijadkan pusat ...

Harian Terbit

Harian Terbit
Sun, 10 May 2015 23:45:00 -0700

Abjan menambahkan, Halmahera Barat juga telah ditunjuk menjadi tuan rumah pelaksanaan Kejurnas "Open Tournament Fin Swimming" diikuti atlet-atletdari 33 pengurus Pemrov POSI, pengurus Kabupatan Jaring Kota, Posi dan Komunitas Selam yang ...

Bisnis.com

Bisnis.com
Tue, 12 May 2015 20:00:00 -0700

Lokasi gempa di Halmahera berada 139 kilometer barat laut Halmahera Barat Provinsi Maluku Utara, 147 kilometer tenggara Siau Tagulandang Biaro Provinsi Sulawesi Utara, 148 kilometer timur laur Bitun Sulawesi Utara dan 181 kilometer timur laut ...

Kalteng Pos

Kalteng Pos
Wed, 20 May 2015 03:46:05 -0700

Ketika batu bacan dicari karena kualitasnya yang super dan harganya yang mahal, di Pulau Bacan, Halmahera Selatan, Maluku Utara, batu hijau itu malah dijadikan lantai jembatan. Bagaimana bisa terjadi?
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