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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449,938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, formerly known as Jilolo, Gilolo, or Jailolo, is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] As it is surrounded by flat land, Tobelo has the potential for expansion.[citation needed] Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in forty-five minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

The volcanic island lies on an island arc that includes the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate. Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano on the island's northwest coast.

Natural history[edit]

The flightless invisible rail is endemic to the island.[3]

The naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace visited Halmahera, as described in his 1869 book The Malay Archipelago. He considered the standardwing bird of paradise, Semioptera wallacei, to be his greatest prize.[4]

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a nickel and cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[5]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

90359 news items

KOMPAS.com

KOMPAS.com
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 23:56:14 -0800

MABA, KOMPAS — Pemerintah Kabupaten Halmahera Timur, Maluku Utara, sama sekali belum menyiapkan acara untuk menyambut gerhana matahari total (GMT) yang akan melintasi daerah itu pada 9 Maret. Pemerintah beralasan tidak ada anggaran.

KOMPAS.com

KOMPAS.com
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 05:41:15 -0800

KOMPAS IMAGES / VITALIS YOGI TRISNA Tarian Dabi-dabi pada upacara Orom Sasadu di Desa Gamtala, Halmahera Barat, Kamis (16/5/2013). Orom Sasadu merupakan upacara adat khas Halmahera Barat yang dilakukan sebagai tanda syukur atas hasil ...

Kontan

Kontan
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 19:22:30 -0800

Nah, salah satu wilayah untuk melihat GMT adalah di Jailolo, ibu kota Kabupaten Halmahera Barat, di Provinsi Maluku Utara. Bahkan, daerah itu sudah menyiapkan fasilitas pendukung untuk wisata GMT. Mereka sudah menyiapkan penginapan dari tingkat ...

KOMPAS.com

KOMPAS.com
Sun, 31 Jan 2016 22:33:45 -0800

Kepala Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Halmahera Barat, Feny Kiat kepada KompasTravel mengaku merasa dipermalukan dalam pertemuan bersama pihak Kementerian Pariwisata serta Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional ...

deliknews (Siaran Pers)

deliknews (Siaran Pers)
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 18:11:17 -0800

Halmahera Timur – Unit pelaksana teknis daerah di Samsat Kabupaten Halmahera Timur, Provinsi Maluku Utara, ada penyalahgunaan Penerimaan Pajak Kendaraan Bermotor (PKB) dan biaya balik nama kendaraan bermotor (BBN-KB). Penyimpangan itu ...

SINDOnews.com (Siaran Pers)

SINDOnews.com (Siaran Pers)
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 21:48:45 -0800

JAKARTA - Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) menerima permohonan pasangan calon asal Halmahera Selatan Bahrain Kasuba-Iswan Hasjim. Dalam putusannya, MK memerintahkan kepada Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU) Halmahera Selatan segera menggelar ...

KOMPAS.com

KOMPAS.com
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 04:00:00 -0800

TERNATE, KOMPAS.com - Junaidi Tapi Tapi, warga Desa Kao, Kecamatan Kao, Kabupaten Halmahera Utara, Maluku Utara, Selasa (2/2/2016) siang, secara sukarela menyerahkan sepucuk senjata api rakitan kepada polisi. Kabid Humas Polda Maluku ...

SINDOnews.com (Siaran Pers)

SINDOnews.com (Siaran Pers)
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 23:41:15 -0800

Dengan adanya kejadian ini, lanjut Arief, proses PSSU di Halmahera Selatan sempat terganggu. Namun menyikapi putusan MK, pihaknya tetap melaporkan apa yang terjadi ke mahkamah. "Kita laporkan apa adanya, nanti mahkamah yang memutuskan," ...
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