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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island; although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] Tobelo has the advantage of expansion potential, being surrounded by flat land. Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in 45 minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano at the northwest coast of the island. The islands are the northwestern limit of the Australian continent.

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a Nickel and Cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[3]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

439 news items

 
Jakarta Post
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 16:53:46 -0700

Local authorities in South Halmahera, North Maluku, are to develop the Widi Islands into a global tourism destination in cooperation with a Canadian investor, a local official said on Monday. Daud Djubaidi, spokesman for the South Halmahera ...
 
Tribunnews
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 22:15:00 -0700

Perwira menengah ahli Kopassus Kolonel Inf Dwi Anggono mewakili Danjen Kopassus meresmikan jembatan gantung Ekspedisi NKRI 2014 di atas sungai Akelamo sepanjang 52 meter, lebar 2,5 meter yang menghubungkan Desa Lako Akediri dan Lako ...

Suara Pembaruan

Suara Pembaruan
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 19:15:00 -0700

"Kami menggelar pleno rekapitulasi hasil PSU di 15 kecamatan dan ditargetkan akan tuntas sesuai jadwal yang telah ditetapkan," kata Ketua KPU Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan Syukur Saleh di Ternate, Rabu. Ia mengatakan sesuai jadwal, KPU Halmahera ...
 
Jakarta Globe
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 06:07:30 -0700

Antam currently works on a $1.6 billion ferronickel project in East Halmahera, North Maluku, and a $350 million to $400 million nickel pig-iron project in Mandiodo, Southeast Sulawesi. It is also developing a $450 million chemical-grade alumina plant ...

Suara Pembaruan

KOMPAS.com
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 23:03:47 -0700

JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com — Sidang kode etik Dewan Kehormatan Penyelenggara Pemilu (DKPP) memutuskan memberikan peringatan keras kepada ketua dan anggota KPU Kabupaten Halmahera Timur yang berjumlah lima orang. Namun, terjadi ...
 
Gatra
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 09:41:15 -0700

Jakarta, GATRAnews - Komisioner KPU Kab Halmahera Timur yakni Rustam Adam, Mamat Jalil, Ade Kamaludin, Asbur Somadayo dan Nur Syamsi, menolak anggapan bahwa KPU Halmahera Timur telah menggelar pemungutan suaran ulang (PSU) ...

Liputan6.com

Liputan6.com
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 19:07:52 -0700

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - Komisioner Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU) Ferry Kurnia Rizkiyansyah mengatakan, Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) baru saja memutuskan pelaksanaan Pemungutan Suara Ulang (PSU) di Kabupaten Halmahera Utara, Provinsi Maluku ...

Republika Online

Republika Online
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 11:00:00 -0700

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, TERNATE -- Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU) Maluku Utara menyiapkan logistik berupa surat suara untuk pemungutan suara ulang (PSU) di 15 kecamatan Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan pada 30 Agustus 2014. "Sudah ada 28 ribu lembar ...
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