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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Indonesia
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island; although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] Tobelo has the advantage of expansion potential, being surrounded by flat land. Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in 45 minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano at the northwest coast of the island. The islands are the northwestern limit of the Australian continent.

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a Nickel and Cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[3]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
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536 news items

 
Jakarta Post
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 23:00:20 -0700

State-owned mining firm PT Aneka Tambang (ANTM) may kick off construction of a ferronickel smelter later this year in East Halmahera, North Maluku, as the commodity's global prices are improving. Work on the US$1.6 billion smelter would begin sooner ...
 
Jakarta Post
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 22:25:02 -0700

An earthquake measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale hit West Halmahera in North Maluku province on Thursday morning, according to the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG). The epicenter of the quake, which struck at 3:47 a.m. local ...
 
LensaIndonesia.com
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 16:49:03 -0700

COM: Tim Komunikasi Sosial Subkorwil Halbar (Halmahera Barat) dan Ternate bersama masyarakat Kahatula memperbaiki Masjid dengan ukuran 12 meter X 15 meter, di desa Kahatula, Pulau Kahatula, Kecamatan Loloda Selatan, Halmahera Barat, ...
 
BeritaSatu
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 07:15:00 -0700

Surabaya - China Tianjin International Economic And Technical Corporation Group Corporation (CTIETCGC) menyiapkan dana Rp 600 miliar untuk membangun industri pengolahan dan pemurnian (smelter) nikel di Halmahera Tengah. Smelter ini ...
 
Jakarta Globe
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 08:06:55 -0700

He estimates revenue to reach $453.8 million. Separately, China Tianjin International Economic and Technical Cooperation Group Corporation (CTIETCGC) is set to allocate Rp 600 billion ($52.2 million) to build a nickel smelter in Central Halmahera, Maluku.

Republika Online

Republika Online
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 22:00:13 -0700

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, TERNATE-- Calon Anggota Legislatif (Caleg) PPP untuk DPRD Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan (Halsel), Maluku Utara (Malut), bernama Ruslan Djafar mengambil kembali bantuan yang diberikan di sebuah masjid di Halsel, saat ...

Liputan6.com

Liputan6.com
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 05:40:57 -0700

Potensi Pertambangan Halmahera Utara Perlu Dukungan Investasi. Sektor pertanian dan perkebunan masih jadi andalan Halmahera Utara, padahal kabupaten ini memiliki potensi tambang yang tidak sedikit. Potensi Pertambangan Halmahera Utara Perlu ...
 
VolcanoDiscovery
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 14:11:15 -0700

Dukono (Halmahera): (21 Apr) Explosions that are strong enough to leave ash plumes visible on satellite data continue to occur almost every day. This morning, VAAC Darwin reported an ash plume at 8,000 ft (2.4 km) altitude. Fuego (Guatemala): (21 Apr) ...
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