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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island; although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] Tobelo has the advantage of expansion potential, being surrounded by flat land. Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in 45 minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano at the northwest coast of the island. The islands are the northwestern limit of the Australian continent.

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a Nickel and Cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[3]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
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191 news items

 
Jakarta Globe
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 00:33:50 -0700

Jakarta. State mining company Aneka Tambang, or Antam, and Australian miner Direct Nickel seek financing for a project worth as much as $1 billion for mining nickel laterite deposits and setting up processing plants in Halmahera, North Maluku.
 
Earthquake Report
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 13:21:16 -0700

Moderate earthquake – Halmahera, Indonesia on July 13, 2014. Last update: July 13, 2014 at 8:25 pm by By Armand Vervaeck. Earthquake-report.com only survives with (mostly small) PRIVATE DONATIONS. Your gift will be highly appreciated. This page will ...
 
SteelGuru
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 01:03:45 -0700

Mr Djaja Tambunan finance director of Antam said that the company has a 15% interest in the Halmahera project, while the rest is controlled by the Australian miner. Investment in the project is estimated at around AUD 800 million to AUD 1 billion.

Tempo.co

Tempo.co
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 00:26:07 -0700

Kapal cepat Guntur melaju dari Sofifi menuju Ternate, sebaliknya kapal cepat Kusu Bulan berangkat dari Ternate menuju Sofifi. Kedua kapal bertabrakan pada pagi hari sekitar pukul 05.30 WIT di perairan Halmahera, sekitar 500 meter dari pelabuhan Sofifi.
 
VolcanoDiscovery
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 09:20:29 -0700

Ibu (Halmahera, Indonesia): New thermal signals have been detected recently coming from the northern rim of the volcano's summit crater, suggesting that the volcano has entered a phase of increased activity. The rarely visited remote Ibu volcano has ...

Liputan6.com

Liputan6.com
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 19:59:58 -0700

Citizen6, Bandung RZ (Rumah Zakat) menyalurkan 178 paket Ramadhan di Togolioa, Halmahera Utara. Paket Ramadhan tersebut terdiri dari Bingkisan Lebaran Keluarga, Berbagi Buka Puasa, Kado Lebaran Yatim, dan Syiar Qur'an. Penyaluran ini ...

Phys.Org

Phys.Org
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 14:56:15 -0700

A feasibility study is investigating a commercial plant in Halmahera, Indonesia with partner company PT Antam, capable of producing between 10,000 and 20,000 tonnes of nickel concentrate a year. Direct Nickel CEO Russell Debney says the company will ...

Tempo.co

Tempo.co
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 18:47:18 -0700

CO, Ternate - Komisi Pemilihan Umum Maluku Utara terpaksa tidak bisa melakukan perhitungan ulang perolehan suara DPR untuk 18 kecamatan di Halmahera Selatan sesuai perintah Mahkamah Konstitusi. Penyebabnya adalah ratusan formulir C1 dan D1 ...
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