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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island; although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] Tobelo has the advantage of expansion potential, being surrounded by flat land. Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in 45 minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

The islands are the northwestern limit of the Australian continent, lying on an island arc that includes the New Guinea Highlands and the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate.Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano at the island's northwest coast.

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a Nickel and Cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[3]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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44231 news items

ABC News

Jakarta Post
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 17:18:45 -0800

The magnitude-6.6 quake was centered 157 kilometers west of the town of Tobelo, which is on the island of Halmahera, the US Geological Survey said. The quake had a depth of 55 kilometersaccording The Associated Press. The Hawaii-based Pacific ...

indiatvnews.com

Jakarta Post
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 21:26:15 -0800

A 6.8-magnitude undersea earthquake rocked West Halmahera regency, North Maluku, on Wednesday night but it did not have the potential to cause a tsunami, the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) said. The earthquake was ...

The Denver Post

The Denver Post
Fri, 05 Dec 2014 02:52:30 -0800

Place these islands in order according to their land area, from largest to smallest: Cyprus, Halmahera, Taiwan. 6. Which of the islands in the previous question is crossed by the Tropic of Cancer? 7. Place these countries in order according to their ...

Fajar

Fajar
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 05:07:30 -0800

FAJARONLINE - Gempa bumi berkekuatan 6,1 SR mengguncang Halmahera Barat, Maluku Utara, petang tadi, Minggu 21-Desember. Meski demikian tidak ada potensi tsunami akibat gempa itu. Masyarakat juga tetap beraktifitas normal. Gempa itu terjadi di ...
 
VolcanoDiscovery
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 10:56:15 -0800

Cross-section over the top of Daikoku seamount with the results from a CTD tow (black line), showing anomalies in turbidity (warm colors indicate high particle concentrations) in the eruption plume. Image courtesy of Submarine Ring of Fire 2014 ...
 
SFGate
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 14:30:00 -0800

The magnitude-6.6 quake was centered 98 miles west of the town of Tobelo, which is on the island of Halmahera, the U.S. Geological Survey said. Indonesia is prone to earthquakes due to its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an arc of volcanoes and ...

WKYT

WKYT
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:00:00 -0800

The U.S. Geological Survey says the magnitude-6.6 quake struck Sunday evening 141 kilometers (88 miles) west of the town of Tobelo, which is on the island of Halmahera. The quake had a depth of 66 kilometers (41 miles). The Hawaii-based Pacific ...

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 23:30:00 -0800

Metrotvnews.com, Ternate: Polairud Polda Maluku Utara menangkap empat kapal nelayan asal Filipina di perairan Halmahera Barat dan Batang Dua, Pulau Ternate. Kapal beserta 43 awaknya pun digiring ke Pelabuhan Ahmad Yani, Ternate, untuk ...
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