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Halmahera
Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Country
Demographics
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.

History[edit]

A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island; although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] Tobelo has the advantage of expansion potential, being surrounded by flat land. Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in 45 minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.

Geology[edit]

Halmahera Topography.png

The volcanic island lies on an island arc that includes the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate.Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano at the island's northwest coast.

Mining[edit]

A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a Nickel and Cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[3]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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36257 news items

 
ANTARA
Tue, 17 Mar 2015 19:26:15 -0700

According to Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), the epicenter of the earthquake was located 115km northwest of West Halmahera, 1.71 degree of Northern Latitude - 126.57 degree of Eastern Longitude at the depth of 10km.

News Liputan6.com

News Liputan6.com
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:00:00 -0700

Pusat gempa tersebut berada di utara Laut Maluku, atau 116 kilometer barat laut Halmahera Barat, 129 kilometer barat laut Ternate, 143 kilometer barat laut Tidore, 155 kilometer barat laut Sofifi, Maluku Utara, dan 2.358 kilometer timur laut Jakarta.

Lifestyle Liputan6.com

Lifestyle Liputan6.com
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 01:03:45 -0700

Liputan6.com, Bengkulu Provinsi Bengkulu sebagai salah satu daerah penghasil batu akik dan batu mulia menyimpan potensi batu permata yang diyakini bisa mengalahkan popularitas batu Bacan dari Bukit Halmahera Maluku Utara. Ketua Asosiasi Batu ...
 
VIVA.co.id
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 16:48:45 -0700

Oleh : Mohammad Arief Hidayat, antv/tvOne. Mengenal Nukleus, Varian Batu Obi asal Halmahera Selatan. Nukleus king stone atau inti batu, varian dari batu akik obi yang berasal dari Kecamatan Obi, Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan, Maluku Utara. (Faujan ...

Metroterkini

Metroterkini
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 23:05:50 -0700

Metroterkini.com - Harga batu Bacan kini melampaui harga emas, untuk dapat memiliki satu buah batu Bacan ini dengan kualitas biasa saja dengan ukuran tak lebih dari tiga sentimeter harus merogoh kantong uang lebih dari Rp 1 juta. Namun, jika ingin ...
 
Shanghai Daily (subscription)
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 01:26:15 -0700

The quake struck at 14:50 p.m. local time and centered at 116 km northwest Halmahera Barat of North Maluku and with the depth at 10 km under sea bed, an official of the agency told Xinhua via phone. Indonesia is prone to quake as it lies on a ...

Poskotanews

Poskotanews
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 07:03:45 -0700

DEPOK (Pos Kota) – Anugerah Parasamya Purnakarya Nugraha (PPN), yang diterima Walikota Nur Mahmudi Ismail, dijadikan contoh Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan dalam kunjungan kerjanya ke Kota Depok. Asisten 1 bidang Pemerintahan Kabupaten ...

Rimanews

ANTARA (Siaran Pers) (Pendaftaran)
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 08:56:15 -0700

Bandarlampung (ANTARA News) - Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika menyatakan telah terjadi gempa bumi dengan kekuatan 5,2 skala Richter di baratlaut Halmahera Barat Provinsi Maluku Utara, Selasa, pukul 21.50 WIB. Menurut BMKG ...
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