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Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.


A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island; although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] Tobelo has the advantage of expansion potential, being surrounded by flat land. Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in 45 minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.


Halmahera Topography.png

he islands are the northwestern limit of the Australian continent, lying on an island arc that includes the New Guinea Highlands and the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate.Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano at the island's northwest coast.


A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a Nickel and Cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[3]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island


External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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219 news items

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 20:33:45 -0700

Metrotvnews.com, Ternate: Gempa bermagnitude 5,2 SR terjadi di wilayah Halmahera Barat, Maluku Utara, Jumat (24/10/2014). Namun hingga berita ini diturunkan, tak ada laporan kerusakan maupun korban akibat gempa. Gempa terjadi sekira pukul 09.23 ...


Thu, 23 Oct 2014 09:08:30 -0700

Untuk mendukung kelancaran transportasi udara antar-kabupaten di daerah tersebut, maskapai penerbangan Garuda Indonesia membuka dua rute penerbangan yakni Ternate-Kao (Kabupaten Halmahera Utara) dan Ternate-Labuha (Kabupaten ...

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 02:22:30 -0700

Metrotvnews.com, Maba: Ratusan warga menyerang dan merusak fasilitas Kantor Bupati Halmahera Timur, Maluku Utara, Kamis (2/10/2014). Mereka diduga tak puas dengan sikap Bupati Halmahera Timur Rudi Erawan yang tak proaktif dengan sengketa ...

Proactive Investors USA & Canada

Proactive Investors USA & Canada
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 10:37:30 -0700

... in the Aru contract; its 30% holding in the North Makasar Strait; its 18.5% working interest in the North Ganal PSC; its 42% working interest in the Obi contract; its 100% stake in the Kofiau PSC; and its 80% working interest in the Halmahera ...
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 04:48:45 -0700

Ibu (Halmahera, Indonesia): A viscous lava flow continues to be active on the northern flank of the volcano. The flow, similar to the one currently active at Santiaguito volcano in Guatemala, starts as an overflow from the lava dome in the crater, and ...
Jakarta Globe (blog)
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 07:56:32 -0700

Jakarta. State-controlled miner Aneka Tambang is finalizing a deal to borrow $100 million from at least one private bank and state-controlled lenders, its finance director told Investor Daily late on Thursday. Djaja Tambunan said Antam expected the ...
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 08:22:30 -0700

Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): The eruptive activity has remains more or less unchanged: the lava flow is still active while sporadic explosive activity continues from the summit vents. As lava output rates from the 650 m vent fluctuate, the front ...

Focus Taiwan News Channel

Focus Taiwan News Channel
Sun, 12 Oct 2014 07:03:45 -0700

Morotai Island, located in the Halmahera group of eastern Indonesia's Maluku Islands, is some 2,600 kilometers away from Taiwan. With a land that spans 2,400 square kilometers, Morotai has a population of around 50,000 people. It enjoys abundant ...

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