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Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.


A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island; although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] Tobelo has the advantage of expansion potential, being surrounded by flat land. Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in 45 minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.


Halmahera Topography.png

The volcanic island lies on an island arc that includes the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate.Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano at the island's northwest coast.


A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a Nickel and Cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[3]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island


External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
38644 videos foundNext > 

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9061 news items


Wed, 28 Jan 2015 18:36:53 -0800

HALMAHERA BARAT - Sekretariat Dewan Pimpinan Kabupaten (DPK) Gerakan Fajar Nusantara (Gafatar), Halmahera Barat (Halbar) di Desa Hatebicara, Kecamatan Jailolo, diobrak-abrik masyarakat. Perusakan ini menyusul fatwa sesat yang dikeluarkan ...


Wed, 28 Jan 2015 03:24:38 -0800

TERNATE - Bupati Halmahera Selatan (Halsel), Muhammad Kasuba, diduga telah menjual aset negara berupa sebuah pulau ke salah satu investor asing. Penjualan dilakukan pada 2014. Pulau yang dimaksud adalah Pulau Kusu di Desa Sali, Kecamatan ...


Mon, 19 Jan 2015 07:27:50 -0800

DI Indonesia, batu jenis ini hanya ditemukan di daerah Maluku Utara, tepatnya Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan. Batu itu banyak ditemukan di sebuah pulau kecil yang bernama Pulau Bacan. Nama bacan diambil sesuai dengan nama daerah tempat batu itu ...
Newsroom America
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 17:07:30 -0800

GREEN earthquake alert (4.8M,depth:45.55km) in Halmahera, Indonesia at 1/9/2015 12:03:59 AM. By Newsroom America Feeds at 8 Jan 2015. Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System Green Earthquake in Halmahera, Indonesia. Population Density ...
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 13:00:00 -0800

Suwanose-jima (Ryukyu Islands): Occasional strombolian eruptions occur from time to time. An explosion was reported yesterday (Tokyo VAAC). Dukono (Halmahera): Significant ash emissions were observed again this morning. Tokyo VAAC reported a ...
Jakarta Post
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 21:26:15 -0800

A 6.8-magnitude undersea earthquake rocked West Halmahera regency, North Maluku, on Wednesday night but it did not have the potential to cause a tsunami, the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) said. The earthquake was ...


Wed, 28 Jan 2015 04:33:45 -0800

... Batulicin (South Kalimantan), Ketapang (West Kalimantan), Mandor (West Kalimantan), Bitung (North Sulawesi), Palu (Central Sulawesi), Morowali (Central Sulawesi), Konawe (Southeast Sulawesi), Bantaeng (South Sulawesi), Buli (East Halmahera, North ...

Fox News

Jakarta Post
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 17:18:45 -0800

The magnitude-6.6 quake was centered 157 kilometers west of the town of Tobelo, which is on the island of Halmahera, the US Geological Survey said. The quake had a depth of 55 kilometersaccording The Associated Press. The Hawaii-based Pacific ...

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