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Maluku Islands en.png
Halmahera in the north of Maluku Islands
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867Coordinates: 0°36′N 127°52′E / 0.600°N 127.867°E / 0.600; 127.867
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Area 17,780 km2 (6,860 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Highest elevation 1,635 m (5,364 ft)
Highest point Mount Gamkonora
Population 449938 (as of 2010)
Density 25.3 /km2 (65.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Tobelo, Togutil people, Galela, Sahu, Waioli, Modole, Pagu, Kao Islam, Sawai, Gane, Buli, Maba, Loloda, Tabaru, Patani, Bicoli. Significant migrant groups include Sangir, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, and Javanese.

Halmahera, Jailolo, or Gilolo is the largest island in the Maluku Islands. It is part of the North Maluku province of Indonesia and Sofifi, the capital of the province, is located on the west coast of the island.

Halmahera has a land area of 17,780 km² (6,865 sq mi) and a population in 1995 of 162,728, it has increased to 449,938 for the island itself (excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands, but including Gebe and Ju islands) and 667,161 for the island group. (including all of Halmahera Selatan and Tidore but not Ternate).[1][2] Approximately half of the island's inhabitants are Muslim and half are Christian.


A Togutil native of Halmahera island

Sparsely-populated Halmahera's fortunes have long been closely tied to those of the smaller islands of Ternate and Tidore, both off its west coast. These islands were both the sites of major kingdoms in the era before Dutch East India Company colonized the entire archipelago.

During World War II, Halmahera was the site of a Japanese naval base at Kao Bay.

In 1999 and 2000 Halmahera was the site of violence that began as a purely ethnic dispute between residents of (mainly Christian) Kao and (entirely Muslim) Malifut sub-districts and then took on a religious nature as it spread through much of the North Moluccas, called the Maluku sectarian conflict. Thousands of people on Halmahera were killed in the fighting between religious militias. In June 2000, about five hundred people were killed when a ferry carrying refugees from the fighting on Halmahera sank off the northeast tip of Sulawesi island. Conspiracy theories about this event abound. A memorial to this tragedy can be found in Duma village in North Halmahera district.

Today, much transportation to the rest of Indonesia is through connections on the provincial capital, Ternate island although Tobelo, the largest town on Halmahera, also has direct ferry and cargo sea links to Surabaya and Manado.[citation needed]

Particularly since the inauguration of the first ever directly elected Bupati (Regent or District Head), Tobelo is undergoing rapid development and is aiming at rivaling Ternate's historical dominance.[citation needed] As it is surrounded by flat land, Tobelo has the potential for expansion.[citation needed] Ternate is limited by its size, being a small island which can be driven around in forty-five minutes. Also, in 2010 the provincial government has moved the provincial capital from Ternate City to Sofifi, a small village on the Halmahera coast opposite Tidore island.

North Maluku Province consists of seven regencies and two municipalities, 6 of which include a part of Halmahera island. The regencies are: North Halmahera, West Halmahera, East Halmahera, Central Halmahera, South Hamahera, Ternate Municipality, Tidore City and Islands, Morotai and Sula Islands. Only Ternate Municipality, Morotai and Sula Islands do not include any part of Halmahera.


Halmahera Topography.png

The volcanic island lies on an island arc that includes the Raja Ampat Islands, all uplifted by the northward migration of the continent of Australia and subduction of the Pacific Plate. Dukono is an active volcano at the north end of the island. Mount Ibu is an active volcano on the island's northwest coast.

Natural history[edit]

The flightless invisible rail is endemic to the island.[3]

The naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace visited Halmahera, as described in his 1869 book The Malay Archipelago. He considered the standardwing bird of paradise, Semioptera wallacei, to be his greatest prize.[4]


A rig crew looking for minerals

Halmahera is the site of several mining projects.

PT Weda Bay Nickel operates a nickel and cobalt mining project in North and Central Halmahera Regencies. Backed by the Eramet corporation, the project is currently in the planning and exploration stages.[5]

A Weda Bay nickel camp site at Tanjung Ulie cape on Halmahera island

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Media related to Halmahera at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halmahera — Please support Wikipedia.
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26475 news items


Wed, 01 Jul 2015 10:15:00 -0700

Untuk memulai mengusut bupati, Kejaksaan Tinggi Maluku Utara telah memeriksa lebih dari 10 orang saksi, termasuk Sekretaris Daerah Halmahera Barat Abjan Sofyan dan bekas Kepala Dinas Pendapatan dan Pengelelolah Keuangan Daerah Usman ...


Tue, 30 Jun 2015 09:52:30 -0700

We were just 10 minutes' walk from the road on the Indonesian “Spice Island” of Halmahera. We were travelling in the footsteps of Alfred Russel Wallace, the British naturalist who first described this extraordinary bird and who, here on Halmahera ...


Fri, 26 Jun 2015 09:52:30 -0700

Ambon (ANTARA News) - Arkeolog Syahruddin Mansyur dari Balai Arkeologi Ambon mengatakan kendati berada di tangan masyarakat, dua meriam peninggalan Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) di Kabupaten Halmahera Barat, Provinsi Maluku ...


Thu, 04 Jun 2015 20:56:15 -0700

Wer im September noch ein paar Tage Zeit hat sollte sich das hier unbedingt anschauen: zwei Sondertouren mit der “Liburan Paradise” für Extra Divers Member, Stammgäste und Tauchbegeisterte im völlig unerschlossenen Gebiet von Süd-Halmahera.


Sun, 07 Jun 2015 07:03:45 -0700

TERNATE - Tim Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan 1 menjuarai Liga Futsal Perindo 2015 zona Provinsi Maluku Utara. Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan 1 menang meyakinkan 3-1 atas tim Kabupaten Kepulauan Taliabu pada laga puncak di Lapangan Futsal Aziz, ...

Bisnis Liputan6.com

Bisnis Liputan6.com
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 20:35:03 -0700

Liputan6.com, Jakarta - PT Megah Surya Pertiwi (PT MSP) mulai membangun fasilitas pengolahan dan pemurnian (smelter) nikel senilai US$ 320 juta di Pulau Obi, Kabupaten Halmahera Selatan, Provinsi Maluku Utara. Senior General Manager Harita ...
DirectorsTalk Interviews
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 02:15:27 -0700

In addition, the Company's assets include West Papua IV, Aru, Kofiau and Halmahera-Kofiau in Indonesia. The Company's subsidiaries include Ophir Services Pty Limited, Ophir Holdings Limited, Ophir Asia Limited, Ophir Ventures (Jersey) Limited, Ophir ...


Sun, 28 Jun 2015 03:52:30 -0700

Dukono (Halmahera): Ash emissions at variying intensity continue from the volcano. Darwin VAAC reported ah ash plume that rose to 6,000 ft (1.8 km) and extended 50 km NE yesterday. Wolf (Galápagos Islands, Ecuador): The eruption in the Galapagos ...

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